This makes it a scary explosive. In 2014, Mikhail Voytenko, who runs an online publication tracking maritime activity, described the ship as a "floating bomb.". Explosives. Asked in a telephone interview if there are any early findings in the investigations related to the cause of the explosion, she said, "There are no preliminary results or clarification.". Lebanese authorities have not named the MV Rhosus as the source of, Lebanon's general security chief also said a. Contributions are fully tax-deductible. Firefighters work at the scene on Tuesday. It contains no carbon - only nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen. But the compound can contribute to explosions because it … COVID Shortages From Bottom to Top; Now It's Rolaids? It's a white solid made up entirely of gases. It also destroyed Texas City in 1947 and the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City in 1995. A man sits inside a damaged home in Beirut, Lebanon, on Friday. The colossal explosion in Lebanon’s capital this week was apparently caused when more than 2,700 tons of ammonium nitrate detonated. In its pure form, ammonium nitrate isn’t usually explosive – in fact, it’s safe to handle. People walk Wednesday along a road littered with debris and abandoned vehicles. Triacetone triperoxide belongs to a class of compounds called organic peroxides. How 2,750 metric tons of ammonium nitrate ended up in Beirut, British man becomes viral sensation after interview with CNN, Dancing doctors celebrate coronavirus vaccine arrival, Jupiter and Saturn appear closer than they have for 800 years, Video shows Navalny on the phone with Russian spy, Cancer survivor explains why vulnerable need vaccine sooner. It's a white solid made up entirely of gases. A man carries his belongings as he leaves his destroyed house on Thursday. "Due to the extreme danger posed by this stored items in unsuitable climate conditions, we reiterate our request to the Port Authorities to re-export the goods immediately to maintain the safety of the port and those working in it," Daher's predecessor, Chafic Merhi, wrote in a 2016 letter addressed to a judge involved in the case. Ether (diethyl ether) is one of the most common organic solvents used in labs. Firefighters use a water hose on flaming debris. Here is the equation. 2. Ammonium nitrate is a very powerful white crystalline substance that saw most of its use in WWI. A woman looks out of the collapsed facade of a Beirut apartment on Wednesday. In March 2010 the Afghan government banned ammonium nitrate fertilizer so the insurgents have begun to smuggle it into the country. ANKARA Turkey reported 20,316 more coronavirus infections, including 3,546 symptomatic patients, over the past 24 hours, according to Health Ministry data released Sunday. Emergency wards have been inundated. Nitro-Coffee: Good Science Or Nitrogenous Waste? It was then kept in that hangar for six years, despite repeated warnings from the Director of Lebanese Customs, Badri Daher, of the "extreme danger" that the cargo posed. (1) The reaction isn't this simple. Chinese authorities claimed the first explosion had been triggered after the heat of summer caused a highly flammable compound called nitrocellulose to spontaneously catch fire. "Customs and State Security sent letters [to the authorities] asking to remove or re-export the explosive materials six years ago, and we have been waiting since then for this issue to be resolved, but to no avail," Kraytem said. 95% of Baby Food Tainted with Toxic Metals? In some ways, ammonium nitrate is the perfect explosive. It must be mixed with other primary explosives to form an explosive mixture. 1. If mixed with ingredients like fuel or some other contaminants, or because of some other external factors, it can be very explosive. According to emails exchanged by Prokoshev and a Beirut-based lawyer Charbel Dagher, who represented the crew in Lebanon, the ammonium nitrate was unloaded in Beirut's port by November 2014 and stored in a hangar. A person hugs French President Emmanuel Macron during his visit to the Gemmayzeh neighborhood in Beirut on Thursday. Kauffman said, in principle, ammonium nitrate should be highly explosive by itself, but it is not. Nitrogen dioxide (NO₂) is a red, bad-smelling gas. Pentaerythritol, a common chemical intermediate for the production of plastics, paints, and cosmetics. On November 29, 1988, at 4:07 AM two trailers containing approximately 50,000 lb (23,000 … Ammonium nitrate fertilizer is cheaper and more readily available than other explosive materials making it the weapon of choice for many Middle East insurgents. Coronavirus: Fear of a Pandemic, or a Pandemic of Fear? Storing and handling ammonium nitrate. It is not explosive. Fortunately, he was too incompetent to ignite it. Teflon and Human Health: Do the Charges Stick? Previous disasters linked to the chemical have led to improved regulations for its safe storage, Associate Professor Stewart Walker, from the school of Forensic, Environmental and Analytical Chemistry at Flinders University in Adelaide, Australia, told CNN said; such rules mean it tends to be kept away from population centers. Ammonium nitrate, which is used in fertilizers and bomb making, is a salt made from ammonium and nitric acid, and it is highly explosive. Images of America-West-Texas City Explosion-1947-Ammonium Nitrate-PHOTOS-X-RARE! A man whose legs were injured because of the explosion looks at a destroyed house on Friday. TNT also contains 7 C but 9 (N + O) atoms. Smoke rises after the blast. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the formula NH4 NO3, and it's made by combining ammonia with nitric acid. When heated it is only too happy to give them up. A woman walks over rubble in her apartment on Wednesday. Lebanese soldiers stand guard in front of destroyed ships Thursday. Lebanese soldiers search for survivors on Wednesday. When they are opened (either manually or automatically by exposure to water the vests inflate rapidly. On the basis of Application, the Global Ammonium Nitrate (CAS 6484-52-2) market is segmented into: Military Grade Ammonium Nitrate. It also has three nitro groups, which are itching to escape as carbon monoxide, nitrogen, and water. It is classified as an oxidiser (Grade 5.1) under the United Nations classification of dangerous goods. Christelle Helou hugs the coffin of her cousin Nicole in Sarba, Lebanon, on Thursday. This one is no exception; its nickname, Mother of Satan," is well-deserved. You can think of these gases as being "trapped" within the molecule. Once in Beirut, the MV Rhosus was detained by local port authorities due to "gross violations in operating a vessel," unpaid fees to the port, and complaints filed by the Russian and Ukrainian crew , according to the Seafarers' Union of Russia (affiliated with the International Transport Workers' Federation, or ITF), which represented the Russian sailors, told CNN. A component of fertilizer, ammonium nitrate is potentially explosive. This image was obtained from a video on social media. Eventually we had to sell the fuel and use the money to hire a lawyer because there was not help, the owner did not even provide us with food or water," Prokoshev said in a radio interview with Echo Moscow on Wednesday. Injured people sit on a street after the blast. Debris litters the floor of the Lebanese Parliament on Wednesday. the substance that ultimately exploded in Beirut, France has sent an aid package to Lebanon, Live updates: Beirut explosion rocks Lebanon's capital city, Ammonium nitrate stored in a warehouse linked to catastrophic Beirut explosion. "In our memos 19320/2014 dated 5/12/2014 and 5/6/2015 [...] we requested that your honor order the responsible Port Authorities to re-export Ammonium Nitrate that was taken off the Rhosus ship and placed in Customs hangar number 12 in Beirut port," Daher wrote in 2017. It's the chemical that Richard Reid ("The Shoe Bomber") had in his shoe in an American Airlines flight to Miami in 2001. What has Denmark done right in its Covid-19 responses? An injured man sits next to a restaurant in the Mar Mikhael neighborhood on Wednesday. Once the bottle is opened the ether is exposed to oxygen and it slowly forms explosive hydroperoxides. But when the hydroxyl groups are converted to nitrate esters you have a completely different beast. On explosion, ammonium nitrate yields N 2, O 2, and water as the by-products. Pentaerythritol tetranitrate contains 29 atoms; 16 of them are nitrogen or oxygen. A helicopter fights a fire Tuesday at the scene of the explosion. But public court documents CNN obtained through the prominent Lebanese human rights activist, Wadih Al-Asmar, reveal that Daher and his predecessor, Merhi, turned to Beirut's courts to help dispose of the dangerous goods multiple times from 2014 onwards. A woman, whose son is said to be missing after Tuesday's explosion, waits outside Beirut's port on Thursday to receive information from rescue teams. We knew that they were dangerous materials, but not to that extent. 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With that, here's the answer to the question people around the world – and especially in Lebanon – are asking themselves: Why does it explode? The Moldovan-flagged ship stopped in Greece to refuel. It contains no carbon - only nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen. People remove debris from a house on Friday. The fire must be confined at least to a degree for successful transition from a fire to an explosion. How Toxic Terrorists Scare You With Science Terms, Adult Immunization: The Need for Enhanced Utilization, IARC Diesel Exhaust & Lung Cancer: An Analysis. An investigation into the explosion was announced by Lebanese Prime Minister Hassan Diab. Lebanese Red Cross officers carry an injured woman on Tuesday night. It comes in a metal can with a label on which you need to write the date the bottle was first opened. A statue representing the Lebanese expatriate is seen Wednesday in front of a building that was damaged by the explosion. 'I Feel Fine' - Beatles legend McCartney gives COVID vaccine a shot in the arm 18.12.2020 18.12.2020 A wounded person is carried after the blast. Rescue workers search for missing people at the site of the explosion. A man reacts at the scene soon after the explosion. Images … Maintenance was conducted on the warehouse door just hours before the blast on Tuesday, he added. You could fire it out of a bazooka and it won't do anything. A Russian rescue worker and dog search the Beirut port on Friday. An explosion occurred in a warehouse storing some 300 metric tons of ammonium nitrate in the southern French city of Toulouse. CNN made several unsuccessful attempts to reach Grechushkin on a Cyprus telephone number. A building's facade is shattered after Tuesday's explosion. It is also a key component of ANFO, (ammonium nitrate/fuel oil), an industrial explosive used in mining, quarrying, and civil construction and accounting for 80% of all the industrial explosives used in US. Daher confirmed to CNN earlier on Wednesday that his office sent "a total of six letters to the legal authorities" but that the authorities never responded to any of their letters. He holds a Ph.D. in chemistry. Despite being a major component of many explosives, ammonium nitrate does not act as an explosive by itself. ", On Wednesday, the Director General of Beirut Port Hassan Kraytem told local television channel OTV: "We stored the material in warehouse number 12 at Beirut port in accordance with a court order. Compared to most combustible materials, ammonium nitrate itself is not exceptionally explosive. Books are seen in the blast debris on Friday. 9/11 Truther Mark Ruffalo Testifies to Congress on Science, Nothing Grimes Said About Eyeballs or Depression Makes Any Sense, Jeff Bezos' Plan to Colonize Space is Based on Sheer Nonsense, Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. is Helping Spread Flu and Cervical Cancer, Anti-Monsanto Lawyer and USRTK, Carey Gillam Collaborator Possibly Headed to Prison for Extortion, Journalist Peter Fairley Cites Anti-Vaxx Website, Spreads Misinformation on Flu, COVID-19, DeSmogBlog: Climate Website Is Headed by Anti-Vaxxer Brendan DeMelle, DeSmogBlog: Climate Activist Site Smears Freeman Dyson and Other Scientists. Ammonium nitrate is an odourless crystalline substance that is naturally stable and used in fertilisers, but when mixed with other chemicals such as oil can create a potent explosive. Once a reaction is sparked (by some other means) the ammonium nitrate quickly decomposes into… Relatives of people who are missing hold hands Thursday as they wait outside the port to receive information from rescue teams. "According to our information, the Russian crew was later repatriated to their homeland... the salaries were not paid," the union told CNN. Ammonium nitrate has been implicated in deadly industrial explosions in the past, and is known to require careful handling. TAT contains 7 carbon atoms (C) and 3 nitrogen (N) + oxygen (O) atoms. Pentaerythritol vs. Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate (PETN). By Helen Regan, Tamara Qiblawi, Ghazi Balkiz, Ben Wedeman and Luke McGee, CNN. Are "Low Dose" Health Effects of Chemicals Real? The American Council on Science and Health is a research and education organization operating under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Chemical Agents. ", Kraytem too said that the issue of removing the explosive material had been brought up by State Security and Customs -- but that the issue had not been "resolved.". A man leaves his damaged house on Thursday. Others. Lebanese soldiers watch as a helicopter fights a fire at the scene of the explosion. "The chemicals were originally going to Mozambique, not Lebanon. This aerial photo, taken Wednesday, shows the aftermath of the explosion. In 2013, the MV Rhosus set off from Batumi, Georgia, destined for Mozambique, according to the vessel's path and the account of its captain Boris Prokoshev. "Poorly stored ammonium nitrate is notorious for explosions -- for example in Oppau, Germany; in Galveston Bay, Texas; and more recently at West in Waco, Texas; and Tianjin in China," Andrea Sella, Professor of Inorganic Chemistry at University College London, told the Science Media Centre. The monster explosion that destroyed a good bit of Beirut was caused by the detonation of more than 2,700 tons of the fertilizer ammonium nitrate – a ghastly amount of one seriously scary chemical. Ammonium nitrate was also involved in that explosion. A gigantic amount of ammonium nitrate recently exploded in Beirut, killing hundreds, injuring thousands while causing catastrophic damage. It is like an apocalypse.". People walk near the scene of the explosion. The resulting fire caused an explosion and additional fires that damaged more than 1,000 buildings and killed nearly 400 people, according to the website of the Texas Historical Association. Solution for Ammonium nitrate is an explosive and a fertilizer. The sailors had been on the ship for 11 months with few supplies, according to Prokoshev. Nearby stores of … We raise our funds each year primarily from individuals and foundations. "What I felt was that it was an earthquake," Beirut resident Rania Masri told CNN. Let's take a look at some explosive chemicals. Damage is seen inside an apartment on Wednesday. ACSH does not have an endowment. They would eventually abandon the ship. It's no accident that ammonium nitrate is an explosive; it has much in common with other well-known explosive chemicals: Those trapped gases are none too happy about being crammed together in a little molecule. A woman and her sister-in-law show a photo of a missing man on Friday. 'Misplaced Blame for Opioid Epidemic Harms Pain Patients' - Drs. That's when the ship's owner told the Russian and Ukrainian sailors that he had run out of money and they would have to pick up additional cargo to cover the travel costs -- which led them on a detour to Beirut. Other gases, notably nitrogen dioxide, are also formed. 8 1/2 x 11. When a single molecule of ammonium nitrate decomposes it gives up 3.5 molecules of gas (1). The idea that such a quantity would have been left unattended for six years beggars belief and was an accident waiting to happen.". Hundreds of thousands of people have been displaced. Sometimes just opening the bottle can set off an explosion This is why bottles of ether older than 6 months must be discarded. Large crowds, chanting "revolution, revolution,". Rescue crews search a street for survivors on Tuesday night. Pure ammonium nitrate is not an explosive on its own. Two molecules of TNT decompose to give 15 molecules of gas – three of nitrogen, five of water, and seven of carbon monoxide. A wounded man is helped as he walks through debris following the explosion. The order of ammonium nitrate was intended for manufacturing explosives for mining companies in Mozambique, the spokesperson said. Ammonium nitrate stored in a warehouse linked to catastrophic Beirut explosion. "Both of these things will be questioned in the investigation into the Beirut explosion, because they had such a large amount of ammonium nitrate, which may not have been stored appropriately, and in an area where there is a large number of people," he added. Heating also poses a danger: ammonium nitrate decomposes at around 230˚C, and can explode when heated to between 260–300˚C if it’s confined. 4 Food Items That Sound Healthy, But Really Aren't. 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